Library for Academics / Research

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Addressing the Needs of Victims of Human Trafficking: Challenges, Barriers, and Promising Practices, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H. Clawson, N. Dutch — August 2008

This Issue Brief focuses on the needs of victims of human trafficking and the services available to meet those needs; discusses challenges and barriers to providing services to victims, international and domestic, adults and minors; and highlights innovative solutions to these challenges and promising practices to overcome barriers. Throughout the brief, distinctions are made, where appropriate, between international adult victims, international minor victims, and domestic minor victims. Issues discussed include: (1) Understanding the Needs of Victims of Human Trafficking; (2) Differences in Needs; (3) Available Services; (4) Challenges and Barriers to Meeting the Needs of Victims (Lack of Knowledge and Understanding, Availability of Services, Appropriations, Access to Services, Length of Services, Lack of Coordination of Services); (5) Innovations and Promising Practices to Serving Victims (Collaboration, Consistent Case Managers, Mobile Services, Use of Pro Bono Services, Volunteer Programs). Additional Relevant Link:

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops: Anti-Trafficking Program (U.S.), Georgetown University, Institute for the Study of International Migration

After Rescue Research Project

“In partnership with Georgetown University, Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM), [U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Anti-Trafficking Program] received funding from the Department of Justice to conduct a 24-month research project to present a profile of survivors of human trafficking and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to stabilize, rehabilitate, and integrate them into the wider American society… . The objective of the project is to better our understanding of the characteristics of trafficked victims and the efficacy of different intervention strategies in stabilizing their well-being.”

Supreme Court of the United States

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc., No. 12-10, 570 U.S. ___ (2013)

June 20, 2013

“The Policy Requirement mandates that recipients of Leadership Act funds explicitly agree with the Govern­ment’s policy to oppose prostitution and sex trafficking. It is, however, a basic First Amendment principle that ‘free­dom of speech prohibits the government from telling peo­ple what they must say.’” Held: “The Policy Requirement violates the First Amendment by com­pelling as a condition of federal funding the affirmation of a belief that by its nature cannot be confined within the scope of the Government program.”


And Boys Too (2013)

B. Willis, N. Robert, S.A. Friedman — August 1, 2013

The scope of commercially sexually exploited boys (CSEB) is vastly under reported; commercial sexual exploitation poses very significant risks to their health and their lives; gay and transgenders are over-represented as a proportion of sexually exploited boys; there is a shortage of services for these boys. Two immediate needs are clear: first, to raise awareness about the scope of CSEB and second, to expand research about which boys are vulnerable to sexual exploitation and how to meet their needs.

Safe Horizon Anti-Trafficking Program

Anti-Trafficking Program

Discusses: (1) What is Human Trafficking; (2) Two Main Types of Trafficking; (3) Smuggling vs. Trafficking; (4) Client Assessment.