Library for Academics / Research

United Nations on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

UNODC Human Trafficking Case Law Database

UNODC developed a human trafficking case law database to provide public access to officially documented instances of this crime from over 40 countries. The database details victims’ and perpetrators’ nationalities, trafficking routes, verdicts, statistics on numbers of prosecutions and convictions, real-life stories of trafficked persons as documented by the courts. UNODC Human Trafficking Case Law Database provides immediate, public access to officially documented instances of this crime. The database contains details on the nationalities of victims and perpetrators, trafficking routes, verdicts and other information related to prosecuted cases from around the world. As such, it provides not only statistics on the number of prosecutions and convictions, but also the real-life stories of trafficked persons as documented by the courts.

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law

Updating the Domestic and International Impact of the U.S. Victims of Trafficking Protection Act of 2000: Does Law Deter Crime? 38 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 249

S. Tiefenbrun — 2007

Enforcement is key to realizing the TVPA’s goals of offering economic/social incentives to victims willing to assist in prosecution of traffickers and creating economic disincentives to traffickers in the form of increased penalties for those convicted of sex trafficking.

Arizona State Law Journal

Victims or Criminals? The Intricacies of Dealing with Juvenile Victims of Sex Trafficking and Why the Distinction Matters

K. Fernandez — Summer 2013

“This Article [1] examines statutes from the states that have decriminalized the offense of juvenile prostitution[;] [2] analyzes the various methods that have been used in handling cases of domestic minor sex trafficking[;] [3] explores the rehabilitative and legal complexities involved in dealing with trafficking victims[;] [4] suggests a statutory change for Arizona, which would decriminalize juvenile prostitution and simultaneously allow a judge discretion on a case-by-case basis when delinquent charges may be necessary[;] [5] considers the formation of a Juvenile Trafficking Court… .”

Citation: 45 Ariz. St. L.J. 859 (Summer 2013)

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Walking the Freedom Trail: An Analysis of the Massachusetts Human Trafficking Statute and Its Potential to Combat Child Sex Trafficking

M. Dess — Winter 2013

Massachusetts’ Trafficking Law “creates a safe harbor provision for minors involved in prostitution, a civil cause of action for victims, increased penalties for traffickers, and discretionary training for law enforcement officials on working with minor trafficking victims. This Note explores the Massachusetts Trafficking Law, focusing primarily on its treatment of sex trafficking victims under the age of eighteen, suggesting that sexually exploited minors should be treated as victims rather than criminals under the law. In order to effect this proposal, training for law enforcement officials on child sex trafficking should be mandated, and the Massachusetts Trafficking Law should be amended so that sexually exploited minors cannot be prosecuted for commercial sex acts under any circumstances.”

Citation: 33 B.C. J.L. & Soc. Just. 147 (Winter 2013)

Boston College Third World Law Journal

Women and Children Last: The Prosecution of Sex Traffickers as Sex Offenders and the Need for a Sex Trafficking Registry

Geneva Brown — 2011

Proposes that an international database be maintained to track the location of prosecuted sex traffickers, similar to the sex offender registry in the U.S., as a means to deter and decrease sex trafficking, raise public awareness, and provide an effective apparatus for law enforcement agencies to prevent and prosecute sex trafficking.

Huffington Post

Zero Tolerance Should Not Mean Zero Action

D. Isenberg — Sept. 18, 2012

Discusses gaps in the TVPA, Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act (MEJA, which provides a jurisdictional basis for application of anti-trafficking laws to civilian contractors), and military trials (through grant of jurisdiction in Uniform Code of Military Justice) that hinder effective prosecution of trafficking offenses, including weaknesses in the TVPA’s statutory definitions, MEJA’s limited applicability to persons “supporting the mission of the DOD,” and deficiencies in the UCMJ anti-prostitution provisions; supports amendment of UCMJ to create two new offenses under military law: human trafficking and aggravated human trafficking.