Library for Academics / Research

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Case Management and the Victim of Human Trafficking: A Critical Service for Client Success, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H. Clawson, N. Dutch — June 2008

This Issue Brief focuses on the importance of case management in working with international victims of human trafficking from the point of identification until a victim reaches self-sufficiency. The brief looks at the characteristics of an effective case manager along with the benefits not only to victims, but also other key stakeholders, including law enforcement and service providers. It also examines the challenges to effective case management and the implications for victim recovery. Topics discussed include: (1) Legislative Background and Understanding the Need for Case Management; (2) The Role of the Case Manager; (3) Challenges, Limitations, and Benefits to Case Management; (4) Benefits of Case Management for Victims, Law Enforcement, and Prosecutors; (5) Promising Approaches to Effective Case Management.

Northeastern University and Urban Institute Justice Policy Center

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents


Human Trafficking Reporting System collects federal, state, local data on victims and offenders involved in human trafficking incidents investigated by federally-funded human trafficking task forces. The project was launched in 2008 and is currently collecting data throughout the U.S. The most recent report on HTRS data is Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010. Additional Relevant Links:

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010

D. Banks, T. Kyckelhahn — April 2011

Describes the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. Additional Relevant Lins:

U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Human Trafficking Reporting System

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010

April 28, 2011

Discusses the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. This report provides information about investigations, persons involved in suspected and confirmed incidents of human trafficking, and case outcomes. Data are from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS), which was created in response to a congressional mandate in the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 for biennial reporting on the scope and characteristics of human trafficking. HTRS captures information on human trafficking investigations conducted by state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States.

Freedom Network USA

Child Trafficking for Labor in the U.S.

September 2012

Discussing: (1) What is child labor trafficking; (2) How are children trafficked for their labor; (3) Challenging to identifying/serving child labor trafficking survivors; (4) Recommendations.

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, Vol. 2: Iss. 1

Children at Risk


Collection of, links to, articles on human trafficking, including topics on: (1) Awareness, data, policy; (2) Assessing needs, vulnerabilities, survivorship of victims and their children; (3) Runaway and throwaway youth; (4) Sex trafficking of minors; (5) Sex tourism on the Southern Border; (6) Role of health care providers; (7) Resources.

The Code

Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism

The Tourism Child Protection Code of Conduct (The Code) is an instrument of self-regulation and Corporate Social Responsibility, which aims to provide increased protection to children from sexual exploitation in travel and tourism. It is based on the UN Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and requires commitment from all levels of the signatory company’s business. Almost 1000 companies have signed The Code across the globe. The initiative, which started as a project of ECPAT International, has been endorsed by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and many national governments.