Library for Academics / Research

Advocates for Human Rights

Safe Harbor: Fulfilling Minnesota's Promise to Protect Sexually Exploited Youth (February 2013)

B. Menanteau, M.G. McKenzie, R. Park — February 2013

“In 2011, Minnesota passed the Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Youth Act (Safe Harbor 2011), laying the groundwork for a victim-centered response to sexually exploited children and those at risk of sexual exploitation… . Its provisions apply only to children age 15 and under; sex trafficking victims ages 16 and 17 are not protected. Moreover, Safe Harbor 2011 does not provide the mechanisms or the funding to implement the changes to Minnesota’s delinquency code when Safe Harbor goes into effect in 2014. Comprehensive supportive services and housing must be funded and implemented immediately so that they are available when Safe Harbor’s changes to Minnesota’s delinquency definition go into effect in 2014.”

American Bar Association

Meeting the Legal Needs of Child Trafficking Victims: An Introduction for Children’s Attorneys and Advocates

E. Klain, A. Kloer, et al. — 2009

Resources for lawyers representing child trafficking victims, including:

  1. Identifying and screening for child trafficking victims
  2. Legal remedies for child trafficking victims (TVPA, RICO, Civil/Criminal Forfeiture, Restitution as Part of Sentencing, Victim Assistance Services, Employment Law/Labor Claims, Intentional Torts: Assault & Battery, Civil Protection Orders, Immigration Remedies)
  3. Community-Based Responses to Child Trafficking (Working with: Parallel Criminal Prosecutions, Child Protective Services, Services Providers, NGOs)
  4. Resources for Attorneys and Advocates

American Bar Association

Meeting the Legal Needs of Human Trafficking Victims: An Introduction for Domestic Violence Attorneys and Advocates

J. Bruggeman, E. Keyes, et al. — 2009

Resources for lawyers representing victims of human trafficking, including:

  1. Overlap of domestic violence and human trafficking
  2. Identifying potential human trafficking cases
  3. The special complexities of intersection cases
  4. Civil legal remedies for trafficking victims (TVPA, Employment, Intentional Torts: Assault & Battery, Civil Protection Orders, Immigration Remedies, Companion Criminal Remedies)
  5. Practice Pointers for effective representation.

American Criminal Law Review

How Criminal Law Shapes Institutional Structures: A Case Study of American Prostitution

A. Simowitz — Spring 2013

“Criminalization has the potential to push previously unstructured, independent, ad hoc behaviors to become structured and organized. The Article examines this relationship in the context of American prostitution from the 1850s to 1930s… . Certain criminal regimes, such as partial criminalization that focuses penalties on the purchasers, rather than the sellers of sex work, may alleviate th[e] institutionalizing effect of criminalization and avoid the harms associated with more complex and persistent institutional criminal structures. The Article thus gives theoretical support for current experiments in New York and Sweden in partial criminalization of sex work.”

Citation: 50 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 417 (Spring 2013)