All Library Items

Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law

Addressing Human Trafficking Along the United States-Mexico Border: The Need for a Bilateral Partnership, 19 Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law 413

R. Garza — 2011

Posits that “[h]uman trafficking is especially sinister because it takes advantage of people’s basic instinct—their desire to improve their living conditions” and ”[h]uman trafficking transcends boundaries and so must its solution;” proposes that Mexico amend the Mexican Anti-Trafficking Law and makes recommendations for its implementation, but acknowledges that, even if the laws are improved, the solution may not be complete—a more concrete bilateral partnership between the U.S. and Mexico is necessary.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Addressing the Needs of Victims of Human Trafficking: Challenges, Barriers, and Promising Practices, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H. Clawson, N. Dutch — August 2008

This Issue Brief focuses on the needs of victims of human trafficking and the services available to meet those needs; discusses challenges and barriers to providing services to victims, international and domestic, adults and minors; and highlights innovative solutions to these challenges and promising practices to overcome barriers. Throughout the brief, distinctions are made, where appropriate, between international adult victims, international minor victims, and domestic minor victims. Issues discussed include: (1) Understanding the Needs of Victims of Human Trafficking; (2) Differences in Needs; (3) Available Services; (4) Challenges and Barriers to Meeting the Needs of Victims (Lack of Knowledge and Understanding, Availability of Services, Appropriations, Access to Services, Length of Services, Lack of Coordination of Services); (5) Innovations and Promising Practices to Serving Victims (Collaboration, Consistent Case Managers, Mobile Services, Use of Pro Bono Services, Volunteer Programs). Additional Relevant Link:

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops: Anti-Trafficking Program (U.S.), Georgetown University, Institute for the Study of International Migration

After Rescue Research Project

“In partnership with Georgetown University, Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM), [U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Anti-Trafficking Program] received funding from the Department of Justice to conduct a 24-month research project to present a profile of survivors of human trafficking and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to stabilize, rehabilitate, and integrate them into the wider American society… . The objective of the project is to better our understanding of the characteristics of trafficked victims and the efficacy of different intervention strategies in stabilizing their well-being.”

Supreme Court of the United States

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc., No. 12-10, 570 U.S. ___ (2013)

June 20, 2013

“The Policy Requirement mandates that recipients of Leadership Act funds explicitly agree with the Govern­ment’s policy to oppose prostitution and sex trafficking. It is, however, a basic First Amendment principle that ‘free­dom of speech prohibits the government from telling peo­ple what they must say.’” Held: “The Policy Requirement violates the First Amendment by com­pelling as a condition of federal funding the affirmation of a belief that by its nature cannot be confined within the scope of the Government program.”

Laws of Alaska

Alaska Senate Bill 22

July 1, 2013

(1) Commencement of actions for felony sex and human trafficking; (2) Forfeiture for certain crimes involving prostitution; (3) Interception of private communications for human/sex trafficking offenses; (4) Use of evidence of sexual conduct concerning victims; (5) Consideration at sentencing of effect of a crime on the victim; (6) Definition of “sex offense” for sex offender registration; (7) Violent crimes compensation; (9) Rights of sexual assault victims to legal/equitable remedies for injuries from the perpetrator’s conduct; (10) Definition of “sexual assault” for adoption and termination of parental rights; (11) Protective orders; (12) Subpoena power in cases involving use of Internet service accounts.


And Boys Too (2013)

B. Willis, N. Robert, S.A. Friedman — August 1, 2013

The scope of commercially sexually exploited boys (CSEB) is vastly under reported; commercial sexual exploitation poses very significant risks to their health and their lives; gay and transgenders are over-represented as a proportion of sexually exploited boys; there is a shortage of services for these boys. Two immediate needs are clear: first, to raise awareness about the scope of CSEB and second, to expand research about which boys are vulnerable to sexual exploitation and how to meet their needs.

Safe Horizon Anti-Trafficking Program

Anti-Trafficking Program

Discusses: (1) What is Human Trafficking; (2) Two Main Types of Trafficking; (3) Smuggling vs. Trafficking; (4) Client Assessment.

Laws of Arkansas

Arkansas House Bill 1203

Enacted February 19, 2013

(1) Creates felony offenses of “trafficking in persons” and trafficking of minors, defined as persons under age 18; (2) Eliminates defense in trafficking prosecution that defendant “did not have knowledge of a victim’s age or mistakenly believed a victim was not a minor;” (3) Creates affirmative defense that defendant engaged in prostitution-related offense as a result of being a trafficking victim; (4) Creates civil cause of action for trafficking victims to recover compensatory and punitive damages, injunctive relief, attorneys’ fees, and tolls statute of limitations. Topics: Arkansas, State Legislation, Definition, Sex Trafficking, Children, Minors, Law Enforcement, Crime, Prevention, Prosecution, Evidence, Affirmative Defense, Victim Remedies, Civil Litigation/Civil Remedies

ATEST: Alliance To End Slavery & Trafficking (A Project of Humanity United)

ATEST Guide To Anti-Slavery Funding Appropriations Briefing Book


“The U.S. Congress has the power to help end human trafficking. This briefing book provides concrete recommendations from ATEST to Congress on how to leverage federal funding for law enforcement to apprehend and prosecute traffickers, while providing much needed services for victims to rebuild their lives.”

U.S. Department of Justice

Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of the U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Fiscal Year 2010

Dec. 2011

Snapshot of federal efforts in Fiscal Year 2010 to: (1) protect human trafficking victims by providing benefits/services; (2) investigate/prosecute trafficking crimes; (3) prevent further trafficking-related crimes, including increasing task force/agency efficacy/coordination, intensifying role of DOL and EEOC within the anti-trafficking task forces to address labor trafficking; (4) promoting evidence-based practices/strategies, enhancing public/private partnerships, creating public awareness campaigns.

U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey, LLC v. Hoffman, No. 13-cv-03952, (D.N.J. August 20, 2013)

Hon. Dennis Cavanaugh, United States District Court for the District of New Jersey — June 26, 2013

New Jersey’s Human Trafficking Prevention. Protection and Treatment Act creates the crime of “advertising commercial sexual abuse of a minor.” Plaintiffs alleged the Act violates their rights under the Communications Decency Act, because enforcement of the new law would treat them (providers of an interactive computer service) as the publisher or speaker of information provided by another information content provider; they also alleged Constitutional violations. The Court granted a preliminary injunction, holding that the Act is likely preempted by the federal Communications Decency Act and likely violates plaintiffs’ First Amendment and other Constitutional rights. aca