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Laws of Florida

Florida HB 1325/Ch. 2013-98: Victims of Human Trafficking

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date January 1, 2014

(1) Revises mental, emotional, or developmental age of child victim whose out-of-court statement describing specified criminal acts is admissible in evidence; (2) Provides expungement of trafficking victim’s criminal history record; (3) Expunged conviction is deemed vacated due to substantive defect in underlying criminal proceedings; (4) Official documentation of status as trafficking victim creates presumption; (5) Provides for electronic appearances of petitioners; (6) Provides for physical destruction of records; (7) Authorizes person whose records are expunged to lawfully deny or fail to acknowledge arrests covered by expunged record without subjecting person to perjury charges or liability.

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 1327: Human Trafficking Victims

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date January 1, 2014

Creates a public record exemption for expunged criminal history record of trafficking victims. Such record retained by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement is confidential and exempt from public record requirements and shall only be made available to criminal justice agencies for their criminal justice purposes.

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 99: Sexual Exploitation/“The Florida Safe Harbor Act”

Enacted April 13, 2012; Effective Date January 1, 2013

(1) Permits consideration of children as dependent/sexually exploited when engaging in prostitution; (2) Retains law enforcement discretion to arrest/prosecute children for prostitution; (3) Requires law enforcement to deliver children picked up and alleged to be dependent/sexually exploited to Department of Children and Families (DCF) for assessment; (4) Provides DCF may place a child alleged to have been sexually exploited in a safe house, if available; (5) Increases civil penalty for specified violations of prostitution and directs funds be used for treatment-based drug court programs and for DCF to fund safe houses.

Free the Slaves

Free the Slaves Website

Discusses: (1) About Slavery; (2) Interactive Slavery Map; (3) Survivors Stories; (4) Activists Speak; (5) Ending Slavery: The Plan; (6) Modern Slavery; (7) Glossary/FAQ. Additional Relevant Links: https://www.freetheslaves.net/SSLPage.aspx?pid=375

Laws of Georgia

Georgia House Bill 141

Enacted, Effective Date: May 6, 2013

(1) Requires certain businesses/establishments to post model notice to enable human trafficking victims to obtain help/services; (2) Requires Georgia Bureau of Investigation to develop/post the model notice on its website; (3) Provides penalties for traffickers.

Walk Free Foundation

Global Slavery Index 2013

Walk Free Foundation — October 17, 2013

“This is the first edition of the Global Slavery Index. It is the first Index of its kind – providing an estimate, country by country, of the number of people living in modern slavery today.” The Index: (1) measures the size of the modern slavery problem, country by country; provides a quantitative ranking of 162 countries around the world according to the estimated prevalence of slavery (i.e., estimated percentage of enslaved people in the national population at a point in time); (2) Examines the risk factors and outlines the strength of the government responses in the fight against modern slavery. The estimated number of enslaved in the U.S. is 57.000-63,000.

Facebook

Half The Sky Movement: The Game

“Half the Sky Movement: The Game is the first Facebook game with direct virtual to real-life translation; the tasks and issues portrayed in the game all have a real-world equivalent in donations and social action opportunities. Players will embark on a global journey which begins in India, and moves on to Kenya, Vietnam, and Afghanistan, ending in the U.S. Along the way, players will meet different characters and take action in a very simple way by unlocking funds from the game’s sponsors to make direct impact.”

PBS Independent Lens

Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide (2012)

October 2012

Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide is a four-hour PBS primetime documentary film and national broadcast event inspired by the book of the same name by Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn. Filmed in 10 countries, the series addresses the linked problems of sex trafficking and forced prostitution, gender-based violence, and maternal mortality, which needlessly claim one woman every 90 seconds.

Laws of Hawaii

Hawaii H.B. 1068: Relating to Human Trafficking

Enacted July 9, 2013; Effective Date January 1. 2014

Requires certain employers to display a poster that provides specified information relating to human trafficking and the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline; establishes penalties for violations of the poster requirement.

Laws of Hawaii

Hawaii H.B. 1187: Relating to Human Trafficking

Enacted, Effective Date: July 1, 2013

(1) Includes minor victims of sex and labor trafficking within scope of Child Protective Act and child abuse laws; (2) Clarifies standard for eligibility of benefits.

Laws of Hawaii

Hawaii S.B. 192: Relating to Prostitution

Enacted, Effective Date: July 1, 2013

(1) Makes solicitation of a minor for prostitution a crime; (2) Increases statute of limitations for coercion into prostitution; (3) Clarifies minimum/maximum fines for prostitution offenses; (4) Adds offenses of solicitation of a minor for prostitution, habitual solicitation of prostitution, and solicitation of prostitution near schools and public parks under forfeiture laws; (5) Amends definition of “sexual offense” under sexual offender registry laws to include solicitation of a minor under age 18 for prostitution; (6) Requires sexual offender registration for conviction of solicitation of a minor for prostitution.

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, Vol. 2:1, Article 8

Health Care Providers’ Training Needs Related to Human Trafficking: Maximizing the Opportunity to Effectively Screen and Intervene

R. Isaac, J. Solak, A. Giardino — March 15, 2011

Discussing: (1) Prevalence in the U.S. and internationally; (2) Definitions related to human trafficking; (3) U.S. laws; (4) Domestic vs. international victims: A continuing challenge; (5) Health risks; (6) Health care response; (7) Community Needs Assessment: National; (8) Health care setting: Identifying and interacting with trafficking victims; (9) Response and treatment; (10) Training approach for health care providers; (11) Developed Intervention Program.

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk

Health Care Providers’ Training Needs Related to Human Trafficking: Maximizing the Opportunity to Effectively Screen and Intervene, Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk

R. Isaac, et al. — March 15, 2011

Cites study showing that 28% of victims came into contact with the health care system at least once during captivity; concludes this presents a crucial opportunity for identification/intervention, medical/psychological care for victims in captivity; explores health care issues associated with trafficking victims and training needed by frontline health care providers in order to effectively respond, including a model intervention program on how to identify, refer, report potential trafficking victims.

U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, 111th Congress

Hearing on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking, before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 111th Congress

September 15, 2010

The Committee heard testimony pertaining to domestic minor sex trafficking and the importance of H.R. 5575 (Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Deterrence and Victim Support Act of 2010). The record of this hearing includes, among others: (1) National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children, prepared by Shared Hope International (May 2009); (2) Prepared Statement of Linda Smith (U.S. Congress 1994-1998, Founder/President of Shared Hope International) discussing “Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: The Prostitution of America’s Children”; (3) Prepared Statement of Ernie Allen (President/CEO National Center for Missing and Exploited Children) discussing “Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking”; (4) Memorandum prepared by the Congressional Research Service discussing “Sex Trafficking of Minors in the U.S.”