Library for Business Sector

Free the Slaves and Human Rights Center, University California, Berkeley

Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States

September 2004

Discusses: (1) What is Forced Labor? (2) Identifying Victims; (3) The Number, Geographical Distribution, Origins, of Victims; (4) Victims’ Economic and Demographic Sectors (Prostitution/Sex Services, Domestic Service, Agriculture, Sweatshops); (5) U.S. Legal Response to Forced Labor (Domestic Legislation, U.S. Relation to International Trends); (6) Implementation/Enforcement of U.S. Laws; (7) Health and Medical Consequences of Forced Labor; (8) Social and Legal Services; (9) Recommendations.

Hill Briefing

Hill Briefing

July 19, 2012

In a Hill briefing, hosted by Senators Marco Rubio and Benjamin J. Cardin, experts from the Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking (ATEST), and leaders in corporate social responsibility addressed the role businesses in the U.S. and abroad can play to ensure their supply chains are free from trafficking.

University of Southern California Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership & Policy

Human Trafficking Online: The Role of Social Networking Sites and Online Classifieds

M. Latonero , et al. — September 11, 2011

Examines the role of social networking sites and online classified ads in facilitating human trafficking and makes recommendations for developing technological innovations to monitor and combat trafficking; offers Guiding Principles for use of technology to combat trafficking.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking

List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor


Report required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005, discussing among other topics, Child Labor and Forced Labor in the U.S.

Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit -- Child Exploitation Crimes (U.S.)

Microsoft PhotoDNA

​“PhotoDNA [is] an image-matching technology that aids in finding and removing some of the worst known images of child pornography from the Internet. Microsoft donated the technology to NCMEC, who established a PhotoDNA-based program for online service providers to help disrupt the spread of … images which capture the rape of an identified prepubescent child. Microsoft has implemented PhotoDNA on its own online properties,” and “Facebook joined Microsoft in licensing the technology… .”