Library for General Public

U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

Links to: (1) President Obama’s Remarks at the Clinton Global Initiative (September 25, 2012); (2) 2012 Trafficking in Persons Report (June 19, 2012); (3) Annual Meeting of the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.

U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

Discusses: (1) About Us (Reports and Political Affairs, International Programs, Public Engagement); (2) What is Modern Slavery? (Forced Labor, Sex Trafficking, Bonded Labor, Debt Bondage among Migrant Laborers, Involuntary Domestic Servitude, Forced Child Labor, Child Soldiers, Child Sex Trafficking); (3) 20 Ways You Can Help Fight Human Trafficking.

Additional Relevant Links:

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/what/index.htm

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/id/help/index.htm

United Nations

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Trafficking

2002

Discusses: (1) Promotion/protection of human rights; (2) Identification of trafficked persons and traffickers; (3) Ensuring adequate legal framework, law enforcement response; (4) Victim protection/support; (5) Preventing trafficking; (6) Special measures for protecting/supporting child victims; (7) Access to remedies; (8) Obligations of peacekeepers, civilian police, humanitarian/diplomatic personnel; (9) Cooperation/coordination between States and regions.

United Nations

Universal Declaration of Human Right

Article 4: “No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”

United Nations on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons

2012

The Report contains: (1) An overview of patterns and flows of trafficking in persons at global, regional and national levels, based on trafficking cases detected between 2007 and 2010 (or more recent); (2) Examination of the worldwide response to trafficking in persons; (3) Country Profiles presenting a national level analysis for each of the 132 countries covered by this edition of the report. “Its findings are deeply troubling,” including: (1) At least 136 different nationalities were trafficked and detected in 118 countries; (2) Trafficking in children is on the increase; (3) Conviction rates for trafficking are very low; (4) A “knowledge crisis” with respect to human trafficking persists; (5) In the U.S., the share of victims trafficked for forced labor accounted for more than 70% of the total number of victims during the reporting period. The Report supports: (1) the Global Plan of Action’s “4Ps” approach: prevention, protection, prosecution, partnerships against trafficking in persons.

Soroptomist International of the Americas

White Paper: Prostitution is Not a Choice

November 2010

Supports the “abolitionist” model to address prostitution that, in essence, views women used in prostitution and sex trafficking as victims who need to be offered supportive services, while criminalizing and prosecuting johns, pimps, brothel owners, traffickers.

Soroptomist International of the Americas

White Paper: The New Face of Slavery

December 2012

Discussing the roles of poverty, gender inequality and demand that fuel sex trafficking, and the need to treat victims as victims, not criminals.