Library for General Public

Northeastern University and Urban Institute Justice Policy Center

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents


Human Trafficking Reporting System collects federal, state, local data on victims and offenders involved in human trafficking incidents investigated by federally-funded human trafficking task forces. The project was launched in 2008 and is currently collecting data throughout the U.S. The most recent report on HTRS data is Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010. Additional Relevant Links:

U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Human Trafficking Reporting System

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010

April 28, 2011

Discusses the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. This report provides information about investigations, persons involved in suspected and confirmed incidents of human trafficking, and case outcomes. Data are from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS), which was created in response to a congressional mandate in the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 for biennial reporting on the scope and characteristics of human trafficking. HTRS captures information on human trafficking investigations conducted by state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States.

Freedom Network USA

Child Trafficking for Labor in the U.S.

September 2012

Discussing: (1) What is child labor trafficking; (2) How are children trafficked for their labor; (3) Challenging to identifying/serving child labor trafficking survivors; (4) Recommendations.

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, Vol. 2: Iss. 1

Children at Risk


Collection of, links to, articles on human trafficking, including topics on: (1) Awareness, data, policy; (2) Assessing needs, vulnerabilities, survivorship of victims and their children; (3) Runaway and throwaway youth; (4) Sex trafficking of minors; (5) Sex tourism on the Southern Border; (6) Role of health care providers; (7) Resources.

The Code

Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism

The Tourism Child Protection Code of Conduct (The Code) is an instrument of self-regulation and Corporate Social Responsibility, which aims to provide increased protection to children from sexual exploitation in travel and tourism. It is based on the UN Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and requires commitment from all levels of the signatory company’s business. Almost 1000 companies have signed The Code across the globe. The initiative, which started as a project of ECPAT International, has been endorsed by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and many national governments.

McGeorge Law Review

Combating Human Trafficking by Enhancing Awareness Through Public Postings

S. Dyle — 2013

“[R]equiring certain businesses and establishments to conspicuously post a human trafficking notice may raise awareness and educate individuals on the warning signs of human trafficking. These notices will bring awareness to the general public and, in turn, that awareness will lead to more tips to law enforcement. A public posting, informing both victims and the general public that human trafficking is a crime, victims have rights, and there are non-governmental organizations willing to assist victims, is a significant step in combating human trafficking.”

Citation: 44 McGeorge L. Rev. 583 (2013)