Library for Health Care Providers

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers

Division of Anti-Trafficking in Persons, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

September 18, 2012

“The booklet outlines the types of Federal benefits and services available to trafficking victims in various immigration categories. Included in the guide is a chart for each Federal program that describes eligibility information for certified adults, children with letters of eligibility, lawful permanent residents, U.S. citizens, and others.” It describes various community and State-funded resources, including food, shelter, clothing, medical care, legal assistance, and job training[;] [and] provides information on how a foreign national trafficking victim can obtain a Certification Letter or Eligibility Letter from the HHS Office of Refugee Resettlement.”

Sanctuary for Families

Domestic Violence and Sex Trafficking

Discussing the similarities between human trafficking and domestic violence, including the tactics of psychological torture used by the abusers (e.g., Isolation of the victim; Induced debility, producing exhaustion, weakness, or fatigue; Threats of harm to the victim or others; Degradation; Forced drug/alcohol use) and obstacles to accessing help (e.g., Small actions leading victims to hope torture will cease; Traffickers restricting movements; Violence and threats of violence against them and/or their families in their home countries; Psychological coercion, deception, brainwashing that makes them inclined to see themselves as criminals rather than victims; Profound distrust of outsiders).

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families

Evidence-Based Mental Health Treatment for Victims of Human Trafficking, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

E. Williamson, N. Dutch, H. Clawson — April 2010

This Issue Brief examines the evidence-based research for treating common mental health conditions experienced by victims of human trafficking. This topic was identified at the National Symposium on the Health Needs of Human Trafficking Victims. Contents include: (1) Victims’ Mental Health Needs; (2) Trauma-Informed Services; (3) Evidence-Based Treatment for Symptoms/Diseases Associated with Human Trafficking. Additional Relevant Links:

released by The White House, Office of the Press Secretary

Fact Sheet: Obama Administration Announces Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking at Home and Abroad

Discusses: (1) Executive Order Strengthening Protections in Federal Contracts; (2) Tools and Training to Identify and Assist Trafficking Victims; (3) Increased Resources for Victims; (4) Federal Strategic Action Plan (Global Business Coalition Against Trafficking, U.S. Travel Association’s Anti-Trafficking Tool Kit, Counter-Trafficking in Persons Campus Challenge, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Research Partnership with Goldman Sachs Foundation and Advisory Council on Child Trafficking, Made in the Free World Initiative, etc.).

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families, Office of Refugee Resettlement

Fact Sheets, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

Fact Sheets discussing: (1) National Human Trafficking Resource Center; (2) Human Trafficking (Definition, How Victims are Trafficked; Trafficking vs. Smuggling); (3) Sex Trafficking; (4) Labor Trafficking (Forms, Identifying Victims, Health Impacts); (5) Victim Assistance (Benefits and Services Available to Victims, Temporary Immigration Status and Relief); (6) Federal Efforts to Assist Victims of Human Trafficking; (7) Certification for Adult Victims of Trafficking (T Visa, Continued Presence); (8) Child Victims of Human Trafficking (Definition, Identification, Reporting, Assistance).

Additional Relevant Links:

National Opinion Research Center (NORC)

Finding Victims of Human Trafficking, National Opinion Research Center (NORC) of the University of Chicago presented to National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

P. Newton, T. Mulcahy, S. Martin — October 2008, University of Chicago

Discusses: (1) Definition of human trafficking; (2) Persons engaged in human trafficking; (3) Challenges to identifying and working with victims; (4) Recognizing signs and symptoms; (5) Willingness to prosecute trafficking cases; (6) Overcoming barriers to assisting labor trafficking victims; (7) Demographic characteristics of persons engaged in human trafficking; (8) Demographic characteristics of perpetrators of human trafficking; (9) Criminal justice system intervention; (9) Comparisons between sex trafficking and work in the sex industry; (10) Estimated dollar amount from commercial sex economy; (11) Recommendations.

Additional Relevant Links:;

Free the Slaves

Free the Slaves Website

Discusses: (1) About Slavery; (2) Interactive Slavery Map; (3) Survivors Stories; (4) Activists Speak; (5) Ending Slavery: The Plan; (6) Modern Slavery; (7) Glossary/FAQ. Additional Relevant Links: