Library for Health Care Providers

New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services

Human Trafficking Overview

Discusses New York State anti-trafficking law; the goals of New York State’s Interagency Task Force on Human Trafficking; Frequently Asked Questions. Additional Relevant Links:

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk

Human Trafficking: What is the Role of the Health Care Provider, Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk

P. Crane, M. Moreno — March 15, 2011

Discussing reasons for victims unwillingness or inability to speak out/seek help and failure to self-identify as victims; health care as an opportunity for early intervention with victims; evidence-based best practice treatment guidelines/therapies, including trust building, victim identification, health interventions based on stages of trafficking, mental health and trauma treatment; discusses legal intervention strategies; provides a Health Care Provider Triage Tool (Adapted from Polaris Project Trafficking Assessment).

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, Vol. 2:1, Article 7

Human Trafficking: What is the Role of the Health Care Provider?

P. Crane, M. Moreno — March 15, 2011

Discussing: (1) Definition of human trafficking; (2) How trafficking occurs; (3) Understanding victims’ mindset; (4) Role of health care providers (Building trust, Victim identification, Screening questions, Health interventions based on stages of training, Mental health, Trauma); (5) Legal intervention; (6) Health Care Provider Triage Tool; (7) Recommendations.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families

Identifying Victims of Human Trafficking: Inherent Challenges and Promising Strategies from the Field, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H.J. Clawson, N. Dutch — January 2008

This Issue Brief focuses on the identification of international and domestic victims of human trafficking in the United States. Critical to identifying someone as a victim is knowing first who meets the legal definition of a trafficking victim. This brief presents the inherent challenges to identifying victims based on the legal definition, as well as promising strategies undertaken by law enforcement, service providers, and other organizations to identify and reach victims. Topics discussed include: (1) Defining Human Trafficking and its Victims; (2) Finding Victims of Human Trafficking; (3) Challenges and Barriers to Identifying Victims; (4) Victims’ Perceptions; (5) Who Can Identify Victims; (6) Promising Strategies/Practices for Identifying Victims; (7) Targeted Outreach; (8) Screening and Interview Protocols; (9) Task Forces. Additional Relevant Link:

Boston College Law Review

International Organ Trafficking Crisis: Solutions Addressing the Heart of the Matter

E. Kelly — May 2013

“The grave inadequacy of current international attempts to curtail organ trafficking signals the need for a new approach in the form of a fundamental paradigm shift. Instead of continuing to focus efforts solely on criminalization, countries must devise a broad scheme aimed at decreasing organ shortages… . Until the demand for this underground market subsides, traffickers will continue to exploit inconsistent legal loopholes in different countries by hopping across borders. To effectively address this problem, the international community must craft a new binding instrument that uniformly criminalizes organ trafficking while simultaneously encouraging domestic legislation to address the organ shortage.”

Citation: 54 B.C. L. Rev. 1317 (May 2013)