Library for Judiciary

Pepperdine Law Review

Comment: Seeking Asylum for Former Child Soldiers and Victims of Human Trafficking

T. Javaherian — February 2012

“This Comment explains that under the current case law, ‘victims of human trafficking’ and ‘former child soldiers’ are unlikely to be found as particular social groups because their persecutors created the groups. This Comment argues that “women from (a given country)” and “children from (a given country)” are valid social groups under which victims of human trafficking and child soldiers, respectively, may claim asylum. There are circuit splits, as well as conflicting holdings within circuits, as to whether gender and youth can define social groups.”

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution in the United States and the Criminalization of Sex Work

M. Wurth, R. Schleifer, M. McLemore, K. Todrys, J. Amon — May 2013

“This article… examines the effects of the practice by police of using condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related offenses… . [T]his police practice can diminish condom use among vulnerable populations, thereby increasing the risk of HIV transmission[;] the use of condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related charges undermines HIV prevention and testing efforts.”

Florida State University Law Review

Creating a Safe Harbor for Florida’s Children: An Overview of Florida’s Legislative Evolution in Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

J. Zabresky — Winter 2013

“This Note critically examines Florida’s legislative evolution in DMST and identifies how other states, like California, Illinois, and Connecticut, have taken further legislative steps in protecting victims and preventing issues arising out of DMST by amending statutes involving prostitution, punitive damages, and advocate privilege. Considering the large role states play in identifying and protecting DMST victims and prosecuting their traffickers, it is imperative that other states take the same initiative as these states by enacting legislation that would assist and aid DMST victims and deter future traffickers by imposing strict criminal penalties and fines.”

Citation: 40 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 415 (Winter 2013)

Fordham Law Review, vol. 80, p. 403

Elusive Empowerment: Compensating the Sex Trafficked Person Under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act

T. Sangalis — 2011

Discusses: (1) Definition and Facts; (2) Factors Causing Sex Trafficking; (3) Victim Experience; (4) The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000: T Visas and Mandatory Restitution; (5) Reauthorization of TVPA; (6) Compensation under the TVPA; (7) Improving the Sex Trafficked Person’s Access to Compensation: (a) Modify the Requirements to Receive Benefits Under the TVPA; (b) Civil Litigation; (c) Collection of Restitution Damages.

released by The White House, Office of the Press Secretary

Fact Sheet: Obama Administration Announces Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking at Home and Abroad

Discusses: (1) Executive Order Strengthening Protections in Federal Contracts; (2) Tools and Training to Identify and Assist Trafficking Victims; (3) Increased Resources for Victims; (4) Federal Strategic Action Plan (Global Business Coalition Against Trafficking, U.S. Travel Association’s Anti-Trafficking Tool Kit, Counter-Trafficking in Persons Campus Challenge, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Research Partnership with Goldman Sachs Foundation and Advisory Council on Child Trafficking, Made in the Free World Initiative, etc.).

National Opinion Research Center (NORC)

Finding Victims of Human Trafficking, National Opinion Research Center (NORC) of the University of Chicago presented to National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

P. Newton, T. Mulcahy, S. Martin — October 2008, University of Chicago

Discusses: (1) Definition of human trafficking; (2) Persons engaged in human trafficking; (3) Challenges to identifying and working with victims; (4) Recognizing signs and symptoms; (5) Willingness to prosecute trafficking cases; (6) Overcoming barriers to assisting labor trafficking victims; (7) Demographic characteristics of persons engaged in human trafficking; (8) Demographic characteristics of perpetrators of human trafficking; (9) Criminal justice system intervention; (9) Comparisons between sex trafficking and work in the sex industry; (10) Estimated dollar amount from commercial sex economy; (11) Recommendations.

Additional Relevant Links: http://www3.norc.org/projects/Finding+Victims+of+Human+Trafficking.htm; http://www.norc.org/Experts/Pages/timothy-mulcahy.aspx