Library for Judiciary

New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services

Human Trafficking Overview

Discusses New York State anti-trafficking law; the goals of New York State’s Interagency Task Force on Human Trafficking; Frequently Asked Questions. Additional Relevant Links:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families

Identifying Victims of Human Trafficking: Inherent Challenges and Promising Strategies from the Field, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H.J. Clawson, N. Dutch — January 2008

This Issue Brief focuses on the identification of international and domestic victims of human trafficking in the United States. Critical to identifying someone as a victim is knowing first who meets the legal definition of a trafficking victim. This brief presents the inherent challenges to identifying victims based on the legal definition, as well as promising strategies undertaken by law enforcement, service providers, and other organizations to identify and reach victims. Topics discussed include: (1) Defining Human Trafficking and its Victims; (2) Finding Victims of Human Trafficking; (3) Challenges and Barriers to Identifying Victims; (4) Victims’ Perceptions; (5) Who Can Identify Victims; (6) Promising Strategies/Practices for Identifying Victims; (7) Targeted Outreach; (8) Screening and Interview Protocols; (9) Task Forces. Additional Relevant Link:

Laws of Indiana

Indiana Senate Bill No. 509

Enacted April 12, 2013; Effective Date July 1, 2013

(1) Makes it promotion of human trafficking of a minor to knowingly or intentionally recruit, harbor, or transport a child less than 18 years of age with the intent of: (a) engaging the child in forced labor or involuntary servitude; or (b) inducing or causing the child to engage in prostitution or an unlawful performance that includes sexual conduct; (2) Makes it sexual trafficking of a minor to knowingly or intentionally sell or transfer custody of a child less than 18 years of age for sexual purposes.

New York State Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department; New York State Judicial Committee on Women in the Courts

Lawyer’s Manual on Human Trafficking: Pursuing Justice for Victims

edited by J.L. Goodman, D.A. Leidholdt

Resource for the legal community addressing among other topics: (1) Defining and Identifying Human Trafficking; (2) New York State’s Human Trafficking Law; (3) Nexus Between Domestic Violence and Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation; (4) Sex Trafficking and Labor Trafficking: Overlap and Convergence; (5) Immigration Labor Exploitation and Human Trafficking; (6) Sexually Exploited Youth: A View From the Bench; (7) Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Young Men/Boys; (8) Representing Victims in Criminal Court, in Family Offense, Custody and Abuse/Neglect Cases, and in Immigration matters; (9) Interviewing/Assisting Trafficking Survivors; (10) Services for Trafficking Victims: Brief Guide for Lawyers; (11) Using Criminal Law; (12) Sex Trafficking: Looking at Demand.

Polaris Project, National Human Trafficking Resource Center

Legislative Issue Brief: Civil Remedy

Discusses: (1) Civil remedies under state law; (2) Suggested language for civil cause of action for trafficking victims and for victims of the sex trade.

Laws of Louisiana

Louisiana HB 261

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date August 1, 2013

Provides that the term of imprisonment for certain offenses concerning prostitution shall be served at hard labor when the offense involves a person under a certain age.