Library for Law Enforcement

Boston College Third World Law Journal

Women and Children Last: The Prosecution of Sex Traffickers as Sex Offenders and the Need for a Sex Trafficking Registry

Geneva Brown — 2011

Proposes that an international database be maintained to track the location of prosecuted sex traffickers, similar to the sex offender registry in the U.S., as a means to deter and decrease sex trafficking, raise public awareness, and provide an effective apparatus for law enforcement agencies to prevent and prosecute sex trafficking.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Written Testimony of Daniel Werner, Deputy Director, Immigrant Justice Project, Southern Law Poverty Center

Discusses the interplay of employment discrimination claims and litigation brought on behalf of labor trafficking victims, including: (1) TVPA private rights of action; (2) RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act; (3) Parallel criminal and civil actions (Automatic stay, Mandatory restitution, Other benefits); (4) Parallel immigration and civil proceedings; (5) Recommendations.

Laws of Wyoming

Wyoming House Bill No. HB0133

Enacted February 27, 2013; Effective Date July 1, 2013

(1) Defines criminal offenses related to human trafficking; (2) Provides penalties; (3) Provides for restitution; (4) Trafficking victims are not criminally liable for criminal acts committed as a direct result of, or incident to, being a trafficking victim; (5) If such victim is a minor, defined as a person under age 18, the victim is deemed a “child in need of protection;” (6) Provides affirmative defense to prosecution of human trafficking victims; (7) After the entry of a conviction, the court in which it was entered may vacate the conviction if defendant’s participation in the offense is found to have been the result of having been a victim; (8) Provides for services to trafficking victims; (9) Provides for forfeiture of property.

Huffington Post

Zero Tolerance Should Not Mean Zero Action

D. Isenberg — Sept. 18, 2012

Discusses gaps in the TVPA, Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act (MEJA, which provides a jurisdictional basis for application of anti-trafficking laws to civilian contractors), and military trials (through grant of jurisdiction in Uniform Code of Military Justice) that hinder effective prosecution of trafficking offenses, including weaknesses in the TVPA’s statutory definitions, MEJA’s limited applicability to persons “supporting the mission of the DOD,” and deficiencies in the UCMJ anti-prostitution provisions; supports amendment of UCMJ to create two new offenses under military law: human trafficking and aggravated human trafficking.