Library for Law Enforcement

Freedom Network USA

Child Trafficking for Labor in the U.S.

September 2012

Discussing: (1) What is child labor trafficking; (2) How are children trafficked for their labor; (3) Challenging to identifying/serving child labor trafficking survivors; (4) Recommendations.

McGeorge Law Review

Combating Human Trafficking by Enhancing Awareness Through Public Postings

S. Dyle — 2013

“[R]equiring certain businesses and establishments to conspicuously post a human trafficking notice may raise awareness and educate individuals on the warning signs of human trafficking. These notices will bring awareness to the general public and, in turn, that awareness will lead to more tips to law enforcement. A public posting, informing both victims and the general public that human trafficking is a crime, victims have rights, and there are non-governmental organizations willing to assist victims, is a significant step in combating human trafficking.”

Citation: 44 McGeorge L. Rev. 583 (2013)

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution in the United States and the Criminalization of Sex Work

M. Wurth, R. Schleifer, M. McLemore, K. Todrys, J. Amon — May 2013

“This article… examines the effects of the practice by police of using condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related offenses… . [T]his police practice can diminish condom use among vulnerable populations, thereby increasing the risk of HIV transmission[;] the use of condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related charges undermines HIV prevention and testing efforts.”

Yale Law and Policy Review

Consent, Coercion, and Compassion: Emerging Legal Responses to the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Minors, 30 Yale Law and Policy Review 1

M. Annitto — 2011

Examining conflicts between statutory rape and prostitution laws and judicial decisions applying them (focusing on inconsistent decisions under New York and Texas law), the author contends: (1) prosecuting prostituted youth directly opposes the theory underlying statutory rape laws, which implicitly recognize that minors cannot legally consent to sex with adults; and (2) prosecution of domestic minors perpetuates a dichotomy between domestic-born and foreign-born sex trafficking victims, and it contradicts federal law and international trafficking protocols. Reform legislative efforts should bar prosecution of minors for prostitution, omit restrictions about which children are immune from prosecution, and be modeled on the Illinois Safe Children Act.

Columbia Human Rights Law Review

Coordinating U.S. Law on Immigration and Human Trafficking: Lifting the Lamp to Victims

B. Loftus — 2011

Argues that, because trafficking laws and immigration laws have developed in isolation, inconsistencies exist within these two bodies of law; supports the view that migration and human trafficking exist on a continuum; advocates for a coordinated governmental approach to immigration enforcement and human trafficking laws; provides recommendations for harmonizing U.S. policies in the two areas, including (1) Addressing implications of employment-based immigration reforms for trafficking victims; (2) Informing migrant workers about their rights; (3) Training law enforcement; (4) Conforming states’ laws with the TVPA; (5) Ensuring traffickers are identified and prosecuted through investigations of employers.

Florida State University Law Review

Creating a Safe Harbor for Florida’s Children: An Overview of Florida’s Legislative Evolution in Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

J. Zabresky — Winter 2013

“This Note critically examines Florida’s legislative evolution in DMST and identifies how other states, like California, Illinois, and Connecticut, have taken further legislative steps in protecting victims and preventing issues arising out of DMST by amending statutes involving prostitution, punitive damages, and advocate privilege. Considering the large role states play in identifying and protecting DMST victims and prosecuting their traffickers, it is imperative that other states take the same initiative as these states by enacting legislation that would assist and aid DMST victims and deter future traffickers by imposing strict criminal penalties and fines.”

Citation: 40 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 415 (Winter 2013)