Library for Law Enforcement

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers

Division of Anti-Trafficking in Persons, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

September 18, 2012

“The booklet outlines the types of Federal benefits and services available to trafficking victims in various immigration categories. Included in the guide is a chart for each Federal program that describes eligibility information for certified adults, children with letters of eligibility, lawful permanent residents, U.S. citizens, and others.” It describes various community and State-funded resources, including food, shelter, clothing, medical care, legal assistance, and job training[;] [and] provides information on how a foreign national trafficking victim can obtain a Certification Letter or Eligibility Letter from the HHS Office of Refugee Resettlement.”

Polaris Project/National Human Trafficking Resource Center

Domestic Work

Discusses when domestic work becomes trafficking, vulnerabilities (exclusion from certain labor laws, immigrations status), means of control.

Urban Institute, John Jay College

Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities

M. Dank, B. Khan, et al. — March 2014

“The goals of this study were to: (1) derive a more rigorous estimate of the underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) in eight major US cities and (2) provide an understanding of the structure of this underground economy. To date, no reliable data exist to provide national or state policymakers with a verifiable and detailed understanding of underground commercial sex trade networks or the ways in which these networks interact with one another… . [T]here is no information regarding the relationship between the UCSE and the local commercial sex trade or commercial sex activity conducted over the Internet. This study aimed to close the gap in our understanding about the nature and extent of these activities.”

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy

Examining the Reality of Foreign National Child Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States

B. Carr — 2011

Discusses extending the “snapshot moment” (the initial encounter between victims and law enforcement) to better determine whether a child is considered a victim or criminal; absent a presumption in favor of classifying such a child as a trafficking victim, the child should be provided access to an attorney before the decision is made or, at a minimum, victim witness specialists trained to interview traumatized children should interview all children who might be trafficking victims. Advocates that: (1) individuals above the age of 18, who were trafficked as children, should be eligible to apply for a T Visa regardless of whether they cooperate with law enforcement; (2) amendment of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) to prioritize and facilitate family reunification.

released by The White House, Office of the Press Secretary

Fact Sheet: Obama Administration Announces Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking at Home and Abroad

Discusses: (1) Executive Order Strengthening Protections in Federal Contracts; (2) Tools and Training to Identify and Assist Trafficking Victims; (3) Increased Resources for Victims; (4) Federal Strategic Action Plan (Global Business Coalition Against Trafficking, U.S. Travel Association’s Anti-Trafficking Tool Kit, Counter-Trafficking in Persons Campus Challenge, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Research Partnership with Goldman Sachs Foundation and Advisory Council on Child Trafficking, Made in the Free World Initiative, etc.).

Abt Associates, Inc.

Final Report on the Evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program, Abt Associates, Inc., prepared for Office of Research and Evaluation, National Institute of Justice

M. Shively, et al. — March 7, 2008

The First Offender Prostitution Program (FOPP) is designed to reduce the demand for commercial sex/human trafficking in San Francisco by educating men arrested for soliciting prostitutes (“johns”) about the negative consequences of prostitution. Eligible arrestees have the choice of paying a fee and attending a one-day class (“john school”), or being prosecuted. Findings include FOPP: (1) Has been effective in substantially reducing recidivism among men arrested for soliciting prostituted women; (2) Is cost-effective; and (3) Is transferable, having been successfully replicated in other locations.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families

Finding a Path to Recovery: Residential Facilities for Minor Victims of Domestic Sex Trafficking, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H. Clawson, L. Grace — September 2007

This Issue Brief focuses on minors who are victimized by sex traffickers across the U.S. It is intended to provide practical information about the characteristics and needs of these minors and describe the type of residential programs and facilities currently providing services for this population. The promising practices discussed here were identified by directors and staff of residential facilities housing and serving minor victims of domestic trafficking, juvenile corrections facilities, programs for runaway and homeless youth, child protective services personnel, and law enforcement. Contents include: (1) Impacts of Domestic Sex Trafficking on Minors; (2) Current Challenges and Limitations to Serving this Population; (3) Promising Practices from the Field: Residential Facilities.