Library for Law Enforcement

National Opinion Research Center (NORC)

Finding Victims of Human Trafficking, National Opinion Research Center (NORC) of the University of Chicago presented to National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

P. Newton, T. Mulcahy, S. Martin — October 2008, University of Chicago

Discusses: (1) Definition of human trafficking; (2) Persons engaged in human trafficking; (3) Challenges to identifying and working with victims; (4) Recognizing signs and symptoms; (5) Willingness to prosecute trafficking cases; (6) Overcoming barriers to assisting labor trafficking victims; (7) Demographic characteristics of persons engaged in human trafficking; (8) Demographic characteristics of perpetrators of human trafficking; (9) Criminal justice system intervention; (9) Comparisons between sex trafficking and work in the sex industry; (10) Estimated dollar amount from commercial sex economy; (11) Recommendations.

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Laws of Florida

Florida HB 1325/Ch. 2013-98: Victims of Human Trafficking

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date January 1, 2014

(1) Revises mental, emotional, or developmental age of child victim whose out-of-court statement describing specified criminal acts is admissible in evidence; (2) Provides expungement of trafficking victim’s criminal history record; (3) Expunged conviction is deemed vacated due to substantive defect in underlying criminal proceedings; (4) Official documentation of status as trafficking victim creates presumption; (5) Provides for electronic appearances of petitioners; (6) Provides for physical destruction of records; (7) Authorizes person whose records are expunged to lawfully deny or fail to acknowledge arrests covered by expunged record without subjecting person to perjury charges or liability.

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 1327: Human Trafficking Victims

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date January 1, 2014

Creates a public record exemption for expunged criminal history record of trafficking victims. Such record retained by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement is confidential and exempt from public record requirements and shall only be made available to criminal justice agencies for their criminal justice purposes.

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 99: Sexual Exploitation/“The Florida Safe Harbor Act”

Enacted April 13, 2012; Effective Date January 1, 2013

(1) Permits consideration of children as dependent/sexually exploited when engaging in prostitution; (2) Retains law enforcement discretion to arrest/prosecute children for prostitution; (3) Requires law enforcement to deliver children picked up and alleged to be dependent/sexually exploited to Department of Children and Families (DCF) for assessment; (4) Provides DCF may place a child alleged to have been sexually exploited in a safe house, if available; (5) Increases civil penalty for specified violations of prostitution and directs funds be used for treatment-based drug court programs and for DCF to fund safe houses.

Laws of Georgia

Georgia House Bill 141

Enacted, Effective Date: May 6, 2013

(1) Requires certain businesses/establishments to post model notice to enable human trafficking victims to obtain help/services; (2) Requires Georgia Bureau of Investigation to develop/post the model notice on its website; (3) Provides penalties for traffickers.

Laws of Hawaii

Hawaii H.B. 1068: Relating to Human Trafficking

Enacted July 9, 2013; Effective Date January 1. 2014

Requires certain employers to display a poster that provides specified information relating to human trafficking and the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline; establishes penalties for violations of the poster requirement.

Laws of Hawaii

Hawaii S.B. 192: Relating to Prostitution

Enacted, Effective Date: July 1, 2013

(1) Makes solicitation of a minor for prostitution a crime; (2) Increases statute of limitations for coercion into prostitution; (3) Clarifies minimum/maximum fines for prostitution offenses; (4) Adds offenses of solicitation of a minor for prostitution, habitual solicitation of prostitution, and solicitation of prostitution near schools and public parks under forfeiture laws; (5) Amends definition of “sexual offense” under sexual offender registry laws to include solicitation of a minor under age 18 for prostitution; (6) Requires sexual offender registration for conviction of solicitation of a minor for prostitution.