Library for Law Enforcement

Free the Slaves and Human Rights Center, University California, Berkeley

Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States

September 2004

Discusses: (1) What is Forced Labor? (2) Identifying Victims; (3) The Number, Geographical Distribution, Origins, of Victims; (4) Victims’ Economic and Demographic Sectors (Prostitution/Sex Services, Domestic Service, Agriculture, Sweatshops); (5) U.S. Legal Response to Forced Labor (Domestic Legislation, U.S. Relation to International Trends); (6) Implementation/Enforcement of U.S. Laws; (7) Health and Medical Consequences of Forced Labor; (8) Social and Legal Services; (9) Recommendations.

American Criminal Law Review

How Criminal Law Shapes Institutional Structures: A Case Study of American Prostitution

A. Simowitz — Spring 2013

“Criminalization has the potential to push previously unstructured, independent, ad hoc behaviors to become structured and organized. The Article examines this relationship in the context of American prostitution from the 1850s to 1930s… . Certain criminal regimes, such as partial criminalization that focuses penalties on the purchasers, rather than the sellers of sex work, may alleviate th[e] institutionalizing effect of criminalization and avoid the harms associated with more complex and persistent institutional criminal structures. The Article thus gives theoretical support for current experiments in New York and Sweden in partial criminalization of sex work.”

Citation: 50 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 417 (Spring 2013)

U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin

Human Sex Trafficking

March 2011

Human trafficking is a national problem with local ties, it is “big business,” and it involves many perpetrators and victims.

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE)

Human Trafficking

Discussing (1) Trafficking in Persons; (2) Human Trafficking Indicators; (3) Recent Investigations; (4) Public Awareness; (5) Support for Victims; (6) Project STAMP (Smuggler and Trafficker Assets, Monies and Proceeds); (7) Our Partners; (8) ICE Tipline.