Library for Law Enforcement

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers

Division of Anti-Trafficking in Persons, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

September 18, 2012

“The booklet outlines the types of Federal benefits and services available to trafficking victims in various immigration categories. Included in the guide is a chart for each Federal program that describes eligibility information for certified adults, children with letters of eligibility, lawful permanent residents, U.S. citizens, and others.” It describes various community and State-funded resources, including food, shelter, clothing, medical care, legal assistance, and job training[;] [and] provides information on how a foreign national trafficking victim can obtain a Certification Letter or Eligibility Letter from the HHS Office of Refugee Resettlement.”

Abt Associates, Inc.

Final Report on the Evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program, Abt Associates, Inc., prepared for Office of Research and Evaluation, National Institute of Justice

M. Shively, et al. — March 7, 2008

The First Offender Prostitution Program (FOPP) is designed to reduce the demand for commercial sex/human trafficking in San Francisco by educating men arrested for soliciting prostitutes (“johns”) about the negative consequences of prostitution. Eligible arrestees have the choice of paying a fee and attending a one-day class (“john school”), or being prosecuted. Findings include FOPP: (1) Has been effective in substantially reducing recidivism among men arrested for soliciting prostituted women; (2) Is cost-effective; and (3) Is transferable, having been successfully replicated in other locations.

American Bar Association

Meeting the Legal Needs of Child Trafficking Victims: An Introduction for Children’s Attorneys and Advocates

E. Klain, A. Kloer, et al. — 2009

Resources for lawyers representing child trafficking victims, including:

  1. Identifying and screening for child trafficking victims
  2. Legal remedies for child trafficking victims (TVPA, RICO, Civil/Criminal Forfeiture, Restitution as Part of Sentencing, Victim Assistance Services, Employment Law/Labor Claims, Intentional Torts: Assault & Battery, Civil Protection Orders, Immigration Remedies)
  3. Community-Based Responses to Child Trafficking (Working with: Parallel Criminal Prosecutions, Child Protective Services, Services Providers, NGOs)
  4. Resources for Attorneys and Advocates

American Bar Association

Meeting the Legal Needs of Human Trafficking Victims: An Introduction for Domestic Violence Attorneys and Advocates

J. Bruggeman, E. Keyes, et al. — 2009

Resources for lawyers representing victims of human trafficking, including:

  1. Overlap of domestic violence and human trafficking
  2. Identifying potential human trafficking cases
  3. The special complexities of intersection cases
  4. Civil legal remedies for trafficking victims (TVPA, Employment, Intentional Torts: Assault & Battery, Civil Protection Orders, Immigration Remedies, Companion Criminal Remedies)
  5. Practice Pointers for effective representation.

American Criminal Law Review

How Criminal Law Shapes Institutional Structures: A Case Study of American Prostitution

A. Simowitz — Spring 2013

“Criminalization has the potential to push previously unstructured, independent, ad hoc behaviors to become structured and organized. The Article examines this relationship in the context of American prostitution from the 1850s to 1930s… . Certain criminal regimes, such as partial criminalization that focuses penalties on the purchasers, rather than the sellers of sex work, may alleviate th[e] institutionalizing effect of criminalization and avoid the harms associated with more complex and persistent institutional criminal structures. The Article thus gives theoretical support for current experiments in New York and Sweden in partial criminalization of sex work.”

Citation: 50 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 417 (Spring 2013)