Library for Lawyers

U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Human Trafficking Reporting System

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010

April 28, 2011

Discusses the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. This report provides information about investigations, persons involved in suspected and confirmed incidents of human trafficking, and case outcomes. Data are from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS), which was created in response to a congressional mandate in the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 for biennial reporting on the scope and characteristics of human trafficking. HTRS captures information on human trafficking investigations conducted by state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States.

Freedom Network USA

Child Trafficking for Labor in the U.S.

September 2012

Discussing: (1) What is child labor trafficking; (2) How are children trafficked for their labor; (3) Challenging to identifying/serving child labor trafficking survivors; (4) Recommendations.

Immigrant Justice Project, Southern Poverty Law Center

Civil Litigation on Behalf of Victims of Human Trafficking

D. Werner — October 13, 2008

Manual for civil attorneys representing trafficking victims, discussing: (1) Logistical Concerns (Pros/Cons, Co-Counseling, Working with a Parallel Criminal Prosecution, Client Credibility, Handling Release/Waiver Signed by Client, Limitations on Certain Cases); (2) Procedure (Protecting Client from Traffickers, Individual Actions vs. Class Actions); (3) When/Where to File Civil Action; (4) Whom to Name as Defendant; (5) When to Include Jury Demand; (6) Service of Process; (7) Causes of Action (TVPA, 13th Amendment Implied Rights of Action, Alien Tort Claims Act, RICO, Fair Labor Standards Act, Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act, Title VII, 42 U.S.C. §1981, Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871, 1871, Torts, Contract and Quasi-Contract Claims); (8) Damages.

National Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse, National District Attorneys Association

Civil Remedies for Human Trafficking Victims

January 2012

Compilation of state and federal legislation, session laws, codified statutes relating to civil remedies for trafficking victims as of January 2012.

Pepperdine Law Review

Comment: Seeking Asylum for Former Child Soldiers and Victims of Human Trafficking

T. Javaherian — February 2012

“This Comment explains that under the current case law, ‘victims of human trafficking’ and ‘former child soldiers’ are unlikely to be found as particular social groups because their persecutors created the groups. This Comment argues that “women from (a given country)” and “children from (a given country)” are valid social groups under which victims of human trafficking and child soldiers, respectively, may claim asylum. There are circuit splits, as well as conflicting holdings within circuits, as to whether gender and youth can define social groups.”

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution in the United States and the Criminalization of Sex Work

M. Wurth, R. Schleifer, M. McLemore, K. Todrys, J. Amon — May 2013

“This article… examines the effects of the practice by police of using condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related offenses… . [T]his police practice can diminish condom use among vulnerable populations, thereby increasing the risk of HIV transmission[;] the use of condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related charges undermines HIV prevention and testing efforts.”