Library for Lawyers

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families, Office of Refugee Resettlement

Fact Sheets, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

Fact Sheets discussing: (1) National Human Trafficking Resource Center; (2) Human Trafficking (Definition, How Victims are Trafficked; Trafficking vs. Smuggling); (3) Sex Trafficking; (4) Labor Trafficking (Forms, Identifying Victims, Health Impacts); (5) Victim Assistance (Benefits and Services Available to Victims, Temporary Immigration Status and Relief); (6) Federal Efforts to Assist Victims of Human Trafficking; (7) Certification for Adult Victims of Trafficking (T Visa, Continued Presence); (8) Child Victims of Human Trafficking (Definition, Identification, Reporting, Assistance).

Additional Relevant Links:

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-human-trafficking

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-sex-trafficking-english

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-labor-trafficking-english

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-victim-assistance-english

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-federal-efforts-to-assist-victims-of-human-trafficking

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-certification-for-adult-victims-of-trafficking

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-child-victims-of-human-trafficking

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families

Finding a Path to Recovery: Residential Facilities for Minor Victims of Domestic Sex Trafficking, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H. Clawson, L. Grace — September 2007

This Issue Brief focuses on minors who are victimized by sex traffickers across the U.S. It is intended to provide practical information about the characteristics and needs of these minors and describe the type of residential programs and facilities currently providing services for this population. The promising practices discussed here were identified by directors and staff of residential facilities housing and serving minor victims of domestic trafficking, juvenile corrections facilities, programs for runaway and homeless youth, child protective services personnel, and law enforcement. Contents include: (1) Impacts of Domestic Sex Trafficking on Minors; (2) Current Challenges and Limitations to Serving this Population; (3) Promising Practices from the Field: Residential Facilities.

National Opinion Research Center (NORC)

Finding Victims of Human Trafficking, National Opinion Research Center (NORC) of the University of Chicago presented to National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

P. Newton, T. Mulcahy, S. Martin — October 2008, University of Chicago

Discusses: (1) Definition of human trafficking; (2) Persons engaged in human trafficking; (3) Challenges to identifying and working with victims; (4) Recognizing signs and symptoms; (5) Willingness to prosecute trafficking cases; (6) Overcoming barriers to assisting labor trafficking victims; (7) Demographic characteristics of persons engaged in human trafficking; (8) Demographic characteristics of perpetrators of human trafficking; (9) Criminal justice system intervention; (9) Comparisons between sex trafficking and work in the sex industry; (10) Estimated dollar amount from commercial sex economy; (11) Recommendations.

Additional Relevant Links: http://www3.norc.org/projects/Finding+Victims+of+Human+Trafficking.htm; http://www.norc.org/Experts/Pages/timothy-mulcahy.aspx

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 1325/Ch. 2013-98: Victims of Human Trafficking

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date January 1, 2014

(1) Revises mental, emotional, or developmental age of child victim whose out-of-court statement describing specified criminal acts is admissible in evidence; (2) Provides expungement of trafficking victim’s criminal history record; (3) Expunged conviction is deemed vacated due to substantive defect in underlying criminal proceedings; (4) Official documentation of status as trafficking victim creates presumption; (5) Provides for electronic appearances of petitioners; (6) Provides for physical destruction of records; (7) Authorizes person whose records are expunged to lawfully deny or fail to acknowledge arrests covered by expunged record without subjecting person to perjury charges or liability.

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 1327: Human Trafficking Victims

Enacted May 30, 2013; Effective Date January 1, 2014

Creates a public record exemption for expunged criminal history record of trafficking victims. Such record retained by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement is confidential and exempt from public record requirements and shall only be made available to criminal justice agencies for their criminal justice purposes.

Laws of Florida

Florida HB 99: Sexual Exploitation/“The Florida Safe Harbor Act”

Enacted April 13, 2012; Effective Date January 1, 2013

(1) Permits consideration of children as dependent/sexually exploited when engaging in prostitution; (2) Retains law enforcement discretion to arrest/prosecute children for prostitution; (3) Requires law enforcement to deliver children picked up and alleged to be dependent/sexually exploited to Department of Children and Families (DCF) for assessment; (4) Provides DCF may place a child alleged to have been sexually exploited in a safe house, if available; (5) Increases civil penalty for specified violations of prostitution and directs funds be used for treatment-based drug court programs and for DCF to fund safe houses.

Laws of Georgia

Georgia House Bill 141

Enacted, Effective Date: May 6, 2013

(1) Requires certain businesses/establishments to post model notice to enable human trafficking victims to obtain help/services; (2) Requires Georgia Bureau of Investigation to develop/post the model notice on its website; (3) Provides penalties for traffickers.