Library for Policy Advocates

UCLA Law Review

A Labor Paradigm for Human Trafficking

H. Shamir — 2012

Advocates a paradigm shift in anti-trafficking policy away from the human rights approach and sex-trafficking focus to adoption of a labor approach targeting the structure of exploitative-prone labor markets; proposes implementation of the labor approach to reduce worker vulnerability/exploitation by: (1) Preventing criminalization and deportation of workers who report exploitation; (2) Eliminating binding arrangements; (3) Reducing recruitment fees and power of middlemen; (4) Guaranteeing right to unionize; (5) Extending/enforcing application of labor/employment laws to vulnerable workers.

Queens County, New York Criminal Court

People v. L.G., 2013 N.Y. Slip Op 23276 (Queens County, NYC Criminal Court, July 12, 2013) (Serita, J.)

Hon. Toko Serita, New York City Criminal Court, Queens County — July 12, 2013

“[T]he only disputed issue in this case is whether defendant’s conviction for a non-prostitution offense which was the direct result of her having been forced into sex trafficking may be vacated under CPL 440.10 (1) (i)… . [D]efense counsel notes that LG possessed a pocketknife to protect herself against unpredictable and potentially violent situations involving “johns,” and was told to do so by her trafficker… . [T]his court holds that LG’s conviction for possession of a weapon in the fourth degree falls within the ambit of the vacatur statute because her participation in that offense was undeniably connected to the coerced trafficking activity which led to her arrest on prostitution-related charges and should therefore be vacated.”

George Washington Law Review

“If You Have a Zero-Tolerance Policy, Why Aren’t You Doing Anything?”: Using the Uniform Code of Military Justice to Combat Human Trafficking Abroad

B. Warren — June 2012

Addresses significant jurisdictional, evidentiary, motivational hurdles to application of U.S. Government’s “zero-tolerance” human trafficking policy to crimes committed by civilian contractors abroad; argues that reliance on international or host-nation laws would be ineffective to combat human trafficking offenses committed by civilian contractors abroad; proposes an amendment to the Uniform Code of Military Justice that explicitly makes human trafficking an offense.

Additional Relevant Link:

Cardozo Journal of Law & Gender

“Male” Order Brides and International Marriage Brokers: The Costly Industry that Facilitates Sex Trafficking, Prostitution, and Involuntary Servitude, 18 Cardozo Journal of Law & Gender 1

C. Bowes — 2011

Discusses the exploitative nature of International Mail-Order Brides (IMB); reviews potential civil and criminal remedies; explores proposed legislative solutions, including prosecution of IMBs and consumer-husbands, increasing sanctions in the international community for failing to regulate the industry, and removing the two-year conditional residency requirement for foreign brides; concludes that IMBs are a vehicle used to perpetrate modern-day slavery, sex trafficking, and business of selling women; advocates abolishment of IMBs in their entirety.

British Council

“Roadkill” (2013)


In 2013, the British Council supported Cora Bissett and Stef Smith’s award-winning production of Roadkill in coming to New York and Chicago to bring to light the horrors of sex-trafficking through a one-of-a-kind theatrical experience. “Staged in a seedy apartment, the site-specific work recreates the young woman’s world in close quarters as her hopes of a new life disintegrate into violence and captivity.”

Cardozo Journal of Law & Gender

“U” Stands for Underutilization: The U Visa’s Vulnerability for Underuse in the Sex Trafficking Context, 18 Cardozo Journal of Law & Gender 449

E. Bistricer — 2012

Attributes the T Visa’s ineffectiveness to its regulations’ focus on evaluating whether the trafficking victim will provide sufficient assistance to law enforcement in prosecuting a trafficker; discusses the U Visa’s potential as a more promising form of assistance based on its broader application and easier qualifying standards; advocates for decriminalization of sex trafficking victims.

Connecticut Department of Children and Families

A Child Welfare Response to Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

Discussing: (1) Prevalence of human trafficking, and child sex trafficking, in the U.S.; (2) Current identification/response efforts/initiatives; (3) Awareness/education; (4) Resources.