Library for Policy Makers

Columbia Human Rights Law Review

A Perfect Storm: The U.S. Anti-Trafficking Regime’s Failure to Stop the Sex Trafficking of American Indian Women and Girls

A. Johnson — 2012

Addresses the sexual exploitation and trafficking of American Indian women and girls, which continues at disproportionate rates; explores how U.S. efforts have failed American Indian sex trafficking victims; discusses how this failure is part of a broader failure of the U.S. to effectively assist U.S. citizen and legal permanent resident victims; concludes that the foreign victim paradigm of sex trafficking severely marginalizes domestic victims in the implementation of government anti-trafficking efforts by law enforcement, prosecutors, and service providers; proposes ways to undo this marginalization and improve anti-trafficking efforts to meet the needs of domestic victims and, in particular, American Indian victims.

ABA Journal

ABA Moves to Press for Justice and Seek Help for Victims of Human Trafficking

D. Weiss — February 11, 2013

The ABA House of Delegates approved four resolutions addressing human trafficking: (1) Laws and policies should be enacted so that victims of human trafficking are not subject to arrest, prosecution or punishment for prostitution or other crimes that are a direct result of their status; victims should be provided appropriate protection, assured their names will not be publicly disclosed, and offered housing appropriate for a victim; (2) Laws should be adopted allowing trafficking victims: (a) charged with prostitution or other nonviolent offenses to assert an affirmative defense of being a human trafficking victim; and (b) to vacate criminal convictions involving prostitution and other nonviolent crimes that are a direct result of their victimization; (3) Bar associations, working with others with expertise, should develop training programs on victim identification, services referrals, and effective communication with traumatized victims.

Regent University Law Review

Addressing Demand: Why and How Policymakers Should Utilize Law and Law Enforcement to Target Customers of Commercial Sexual Exploitation, 23 Regent University Law Review 297

L. Lederer — 2011

Addresses strategies for demand reduction: (1) Drafting laws that penalize patronizing and target customers/consumers of commercial sex; (2) creating first-offenders program (“John’s Schools) to educate first-offenders about the deleterious effects of commercial sexual exploitation; (3) creating sting and reverse-sting operations to assist law enforcement in identifying, arresting, and prosecuting buyers; (4) developing social marketing campaigns that target exploiters and impress on the general public a “no tolerance” message.

Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law

Addressing Human Trafficking Along the United States-Mexico Border: The Need for a Bilateral Partnership, 19 Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law 413

R. Garza — 2011

Posits that “[h]uman trafficking is especially sinister because it takes advantage of people’s basic instinct—their desire to improve their living conditions” and ”[h]uman trafficking transcends boundaries and so must its solution;” proposes that Mexico amend the Mexican Anti-Trafficking Law and makes recommendations for its implementation, but acknowledges that, even if the laws are improved, the solution may not be complete—a more concrete bilateral partnership between the U.S. and Mexico is necessary.

Northeastern University and Urban Institute Justice Policy Center

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents


Human Trafficking Reporting System collects federal, state, local data on victims and offenders involved in human trafficking incidents investigated by federally-funded human trafficking task forces. The project was launched in 2008 and is currently collecting data throughout the U.S. The most recent report on HTRS data is Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010. Additional Relevant Links: