Library for Policy Makers

Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, Vol. 2: Iss. 1

Children at Risk


Collection of, links to, articles on human trafficking, including topics on: (1) Awareness, data, policy; (2) Assessing needs, vulnerabilities, survivorship of victims and their children; (3) Runaway and throwaway youth; (4) Sex trafficking of minors; (5) Sex tourism on the Southern Border; (6) Role of health care providers; (7) Resources.

International Labour Organization

Combating Forced Labour: A Handbook for Employers and Business

October 22, 1998

Provides practical tools and guidance to enable businesses to identify and prevent situations of forced labor, including guidance on preventive/remedial actions, good practices in combating forced labor, and links to other resources.

U.S. Department of Defense

Combating Trafficking in Persons

Trafficking in Persons is a leading source of profits for organized crime, together with drugs and guns, generating billions in profits. Defines Labor Trafficking, Sex Trafficking, Child Soldiering.

National Center for Missing & Exploited Children

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: A Fact Sheet

March 2010

Discusses: (1) What is the Commercial Exploitation of Children; (2) How a child becomes a victim; (3) Victims are targeted, deceived, traumatized; (4) Psychology of victimization; (5) Trauma bonding; (6) Potential indicators of trafficking; (7) Statistics.

Northeastern University and Urban Institute Justice Policy Center

Comprehensive Services for Survivors of Human Trafficking

L. Aron, J. Zweig, L. Newmark — June 2006

Discusses: (1) Trafficking Survivors’ Services Needs: Method of Liberation, Changing Needs Over Time; (2) Survivor Experiences with Services/Outcomes; (3) Client Dissatisfaction and Unmet Needs; (3) Coordination Among Service Providers; (4) Challenges and Barriers to Receiving Effective Services, including Using Non-Trafficking-Specific Services and Working with Different Types of Trafficking Victims.

Yale Law and Policy Review

Consent, Coercion, and Compassion: Emerging Legal Responses to the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Minors, 30 Yale Law and Policy Review 1

M. Annitto — 2011

Examining conflicts between statutory rape and prostitution laws and judicial decisions applying them (focusing on inconsistent decisions under New York and Texas law), the author contends: (1) prosecuting prostituted youth directly opposes the theory underlying statutory rape laws, which implicitly recognize that minors cannot legally consent to sex with adults; and (2) prosecution of domestic minors perpetuates a dichotomy between domestic-born and foreign-born sex trafficking victims, and it contradicts federal law and international trafficking protocols. Reform legislative efforts should bar prosecution of minors for prostitution, omit restrictions about which children are immune from prosecution, and be modeled on the Illinois Safe Children Act.

Columbia Human Rights Law Review

Coordinating U.S. Law on Immigration and Human Trafficking: Lifting the Lamp to Victims

B. Loftus — 2011

Argues that, because trafficking laws and immigration laws have developed in isolation, inconsistencies exist within these two bodies of law; supports the view that migration and human trafficking exist on a continuum; advocates for a coordinated governmental approach to immigration enforcement and human trafficking laws; provides recommendations for harmonizing U.S. policies in the two areas, including (1) Addressing implications of employment-based immigration reforms for trafficking victims; (2) Informing migrant workers about their rights; (3) Training law enforcement; (4) Conforming states’ laws with the TVPA; (5) Ensuring traffickers are identified and prosecuted through investigations of employers.