Library for Policy Makers

Abt Associates, Inc.

Final Report on the Evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program, Abt Associates, Inc., prepared for Office of Research and Evaluation, National Institute of Justice

M. Shively, et al. — March 7, 2008

The First Offender Prostitution Program (FOPP) is designed to reduce the demand for commercial sex/human trafficking in San Francisco by educating men arrested for soliciting prostitutes (“johns”) about the negative consequences of prostitution. Eligible arrestees have the choice of paying a fee and attending a one-day class (“john school”), or being prosecuted. Findings include FOPP: (1) Has been effective in substantially reducing recidivism among men arrested for soliciting prostituted women; (2) Is cost-effective; and (3) Is transferable, having been successfully replicated in other locations.

Laws of Hawaii

Hawaii H.B. 1068: Relating to Human Trafficking

Enacted July 9, 2013; Effective Date January 1. 2014

Requires certain employers to display a poster that provides specified information relating to human trafficking and the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline; establishes penalties for violations of the poster requirement.

U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, 111th Congress

Hearing on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking, before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 111th Congress

September 15, 2010

The Committee heard testimony pertaining to domestic minor sex trafficking and the importance of H.R. 5575 (Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Deterrence and Victim Support Act of 2010). The record of this hearing includes, among others: (1) National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children, prepared by Shared Hope International (May 2009); (2) Prepared Statement of Linda Smith (U.S. Congress 1994-1998, Founder/President of Shared Hope International) discussing “Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: The Prostitution of America’s Children”; (3) Prepared Statement of Ernie Allen (President/CEO National Center for Missing and Exploited Children) discussing “Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking”; (4) Memorandum prepared by the Congressional Research Service discussing “Sex Trafficking of Minors in the U.S.”

Free the Slaves and Human Rights Center, University California, Berkeley

Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States

September 2004

Discusses: (1) What is Forced Labor? (2) Identifying Victims; (3) The Number, Geographical Distribution, Origins, of Victims; (4) Victims’ Economic and Demographic Sectors (Prostitution/Sex Services, Domestic Service, Agriculture, Sweatshops); (5) U.S. Legal Response to Forced Labor (Domestic Legislation, U.S. Relation to International Trends); (6) Implementation/Enforcement of U.S. Laws; (7) Health and Medical Consequences of Forced Labor; (8) Social and Legal Services; (9) Recommendations.

Hill Briefing

Hill Briefing

July 19, 2012

In a Hill briefing, hosted by Senators Marco Rubio and Benjamin J. Cardin, experts from the Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking (ATEST), and leaders in corporate social responsibility addressed the role businesses in the U.S. and abroad can play to ensure their supply chains are free from trafficking.

California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force

Human Trafficking in California, Final Report of the California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force

October 2007

As of the Report date, Findings include: (1) California lacks comprehensive data on human trafficking; (2) Shelter is one of a trafficking victim’s most critical needs, but California does not have enough appropriate shelter space to support the needs of trafficking victims; (3) The caseworker/counselor confidentiality privilege is important in encouraging victims to come forward; (4) Trafficking victims’ rights to civil relief is not well known and often not addressed.