Library for Victims / Survivors

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Case Management and the Victim of Human Trafficking: A Critical Service for Client Success, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

H. Clawson, N. Dutch — June 2008

This Issue Brief focuses on the importance of case management in working with international victims of human trafficking from the point of identification until a victim reaches self-sufficiency. The brief looks at the characteristics of an effective case manager along with the benefits not only to victims, but also other key stakeholders, including law enforcement and service providers. It also examines the challenges to effective case management and the implications for victim recovery. Topics discussed include: (1) Legislative Background and Understanding the Need for Case Management; (2) The Role of the Case Manager; (3) Challenges, Limitations, and Benefits to Case Management; (4) Benefits of Case Management for Victims, Law Enforcement, and Prosecutors; (5) Promising Approaches to Effective Case Management.

McGeorge Law Review

Combating Human Trafficking by Enhancing Awareness Through Public Postings

S. Dyle — 2013

“[R]equiring certain businesses and establishments to conspicuously post a human trafficking notice may raise awareness and educate individuals on the warning signs of human trafficking. These notices will bring awareness to the general public and, in turn, that awareness will lead to more tips to law enforcement. A public posting, informing both victims and the general public that human trafficking is a crime, victims have rights, and there are non-governmental organizations willing to assist victims, is a significant step in combating human trafficking.”

Citation: 44 McGeorge L. Rev. 583 (2013)

Pepperdine Law Review

Comment: Seeking Asylum for Former Child Soldiers and Victims of Human Trafficking

T. Javaherian — February 2012

“This Comment explains that under the current case law, ‘victims of human trafficking’ and ‘former child soldiers’ are unlikely to be found as particular social groups because their persecutors created the groups. This Comment argues that “women from (a given country)” and “children from (a given country)” are valid social groups under which victims of human trafficking and child soldiers, respectively, may claim asylum. There are circuit splits, as well as conflicting holdings within circuits, as to whether gender and youth can define social groups.”

Portland State University

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) in the Portland Metro Area (2013)

C. Carey, L. Teplitsky — August 5, 2013

(1) Quantifies/analyzes demographics, trends, avenues of exploitation, risk factors among Commercially Sexually Exploited Children (CSEC) in the Portland Metro Area; (2) Recommends: (a) Child victims would benefit from 6-18 month stay in residential treatment facility offering rehabilitation/re-integration services in the least-restrictive setting for the recovery process; (b) Enhanced data collection, coordination and tracking is important to CSEC prevention/intervention efforts.

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Condoms as Evidence of Prostitution in the United States and the Criminalization of Sex Work

M. Wurth, R. Schleifer, M. McLemore, K. Todrys, J. Amon — May 2013

“This article… examines the effects of the practice by police of using condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related offenses… . [T]his police practice can diminish condom use among vulnerable populations, thereby increasing the risk of HIV transmission[;] the use of condom possession as evidence of prostitution-related charges undermines HIV prevention and testing efforts.”

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies: Committee on Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States - Institute of Medicine

E.W. Clayton, R.D. Krugman, P. Simon — September 25, 2013

“The IOM/NRC report offers recommendations concerning strategies for responding to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States, new legislative approaches, and a research agenda. The report concludes that efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States require better collaborative approaches. These efforts need to confront demand and the individuals who commit and benefit from these crimes. The recommendations in the report have the potential to advance and strengthen the nation’s emerging efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors.”