Library for Victims / Survivors

Institute of Medicine and National Research Council

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States (2013)

R. Krugman, E. W. Clayton, P. Simon — September 25, 2013

No one sector, discipline, or area of practice can fully understand or respond effectively to commercial sex­ual exploitation/sex trafficking of minors. Participation from/cooperation among numerous individuals and entities—victim/support service providers, health/mental health care providers, legisla­tors, law enforcement, prosecutors, public defenders, educators, commercial sector—is required. Recommends: (1) Developing guidelines for technical assis­tance to support multi-sector collaboration/information sharing; and (2) Creating digital information-sharing platform to deliver reliable, real-time information about how to prevent, identify, respond to domestic commercial sexual exploitation/sex trafficking of minors.

Florida State University Law Review

Creating a Safe Harbor for Florida’s Children: An Overview of Florida’s Legislative Evolution in Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

J. Zabresky — Winter 2013

“This Note critically examines Florida’s legislative evolution in DMST and identifies how other states, like California, Illinois, and Connecticut, have taken further legislative steps in protecting victims and preventing issues arising out of DMST by amending statutes involving prostitution, punitive damages, and advocate privilege. Considering the large role states play in identifying and protecting DMST victims and prosecuting their traffickers, it is imperative that other states take the same initiative as these states by enacting legislation that would assist and aid DMST victims and deter future traffickers by imposing strict criminal penalties and fines.”

Citation: 40 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 415 (Winter 2013)

Cleveland State Law Review

Disparate Protections for American Human Trafficking Victims

A. Peters — 2013

“The federal government places victims, for the purpose of receiving protections, into two categories: first, international victims and second, American citizens or permanent residents. If an international trafficking victim qualifies to receive services as a result of having been trafficked, the United States will provide refugee-like protections through the TVPA… . Victims who are Americans… must find protection elsewhere. The [U.S.] government specifically excludes its own trafficked citizens from receiving federally-funded TVPA protections… . [This Article] discuss[es] the implications of having a two-tier system of protection for human trafficking victims in America.”

Citation: 61 Clev. St. L. Rev. 1 (2013)

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

Ditullio v. Boehm, 662 F.3d 1091 (9th Cir. 2011)


The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held in a case of first impression—Ditullio v. Boehm, 662 F.3d 1091, 1100 (9th Cir. 2011)—that Section 1595 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), 18 U.S.C. §1595, “creates a civil cause of action [sounding in tort] that permits victims of trafficking to recover compensatory and punitive damages from individuals who violate the TVPA,” but further held that Section 1595 does not apply retroactively to conduct occurring before its effective date.

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers

Division of Anti-Trafficking in Persons, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

September 18, 2012

“The booklet outlines the types of Federal benefits and services available to trafficking victims in various immigration categories. Included in the guide is a chart for each Federal program that describes eligibility information for certified adults, children with letters of eligibility, lawful permanent residents, U.S. citizens, and others.” It describes various community and State-funded resources, including food, shelter, clothing, medical care, legal assistance, and job training[;] [and] provides information on how a foreign national trafficking victim can obtain a Certification Letter or Eligibility Letter from the HHS Office of Refugee Resettlement.”

Fordham Law Review, vol. 80, p. 403

Elusive Empowerment: Compensating the Sex Trafficked Person Under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act

T. Sangalis — 2011

Discusses: (1) Definition and Facts; (2) Factors Causing Sex Trafficking; (3) Victim Experience; (4) The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000: T Visas and Mandatory Restitution; (5) Reauthorization of TVPA; (6) Compensation under the TVPA; (7) Improving the Sex Trafficked Person’s Access to Compensation: (a) Modify the Requirements to Receive Benefits Under the TVPA; (b) Civil Litigation; (c) Collection of Restitution Damages.

California Child Welfare Council

Ending The Commercial Sexual Exploitation Of Children: A Call For Multi-System Collaboration In California

K. Walker — 2013

The Report “identified priority areas for immediate action… : [1] Placement: Establish safe and secure emergency and transitional placements for CSEC victims. [2] Identification: Implement cross-system screening tools to systematically identify CSEC and children at risk of exploitation in order to inform and improve service delivery and placement decisions. [3] Training: Mandate training for all professionals working with youth in child-serving systems… . [4] Data: Develop protocols and strategies to coordinate, collect and share data across systems to better understand the scope of the problem, the level of interaction with multiple systems, and CSEC specific needs.”