Library for Victims / Survivors

Free the Slaves and Human Rights Center, University California, Berkeley

Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States

September 2004

Discusses: (1) What is Forced Labor? (2) Identifying Victims; (3) The Number, Geographical Distribution, Origins, of Victims; (4) Victims’ Economic and Demographic Sectors (Prostitution/Sex Services, Domestic Service, Agriculture, Sweatshops); (5) U.S. Legal Response to Forced Labor (Domestic Legislation, U.S. Relation to International Trends); (6) Implementation/Enforcement of U.S. Laws; (7) Health and Medical Consequences of Forced Labor; (8) Social and Legal Services; (9) Recommendations.

Covenant House and Fordham University

Homelessness, Survival Sex and Human Trafficking: As Experienced by the Youth of Covenant House New York (2013)

J. Bigelsen, S. Vuotto — May 2013

Discusses relationship between youth homelessness and trafficking: 48% of the study participants who reported engaging in commercial sex activity explained that a lack of a safe place to sleep was a main reason for their initial entry into prostitution or other commercial sex. Advocates for additional employment and educational training programs for homeless youth: Lack of education and job opportunities left youth with no choice but to resort to commercial sex activity, the one means of income that did not care if they had an address or resume; job training/educational programs are essential.

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE)

Human Trafficking

Discussing (1) Trafficking in Persons; (2) Human Trafficking Indicators; (3) Recent Investigations; (4) Public Awareness; (5) Support for Victims; (6) Project STAMP (Smuggler and Trafficker Assets, Monies and Proceeds); (7) Our Partners; (8) ICE Tipline.

California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force

Human Trafficking in California, Final Report of the California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force

October 2007

As of the Report date, Findings include: (1) California lacks comprehensive data on human trafficking; (2) Shelter is one of a trafficking victim’s most critical needs, but California does not have enough appropriate shelter space to support the needs of trafficking victims; (3) The caseworker/counselor confidentiality privilege is important in encouraging victims to come forward; (4) Trafficking victims’ rights to civil relief is not well known and often not addressed.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families

Human Trafficking Into and Within the United States: A Review of the Literature, prepared for Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

August 2009

Review of literature on human trafficking into and within the United States, focusing on issues of identifying and effectively serving trafficking victims. Discusses: (1) What is Human Trafficking; (2) How Prevalent is Human Trafficking Into and Within the U.S.; (3) Who are the Victims of Human Trafficking (Commonality, Risk Factors, Minor Victims, Runaway/Homeless Youth); (4) What are the Needs of Trafficking Victims; (5) How are Victims Identified; (6) Available Services (Adults, Minors); (6) Barriers to, Challenges in, Accessing/Providing Services; (7) Promising Services/Strategies (Trauma-Informed Programming, Involving Survivors in Developing/Providing Services, Identification, Education/Outreach, Prevention, Intensive Case Management, Housing/Shelter Services, Legal Services, Medical Services, Social Services, Trauma Therapy, Substance Abuse Treatment).

University of Michigan Law School Human Trafficking Clinical Program (Michigan)

Human Trafficking Law Project

Ongoing

“Launched in February 2011 by the Human Trafficking Clinic at Michigan Law School, the Human Trafficking Law Project is the first publicly available database of human trafficking cases within the United States. Through the HTLP, the Clinic hopes to strengthen anti-trafficking laws in the United States and to support government officials, law enforcement agencies, and practitioners who are working on behalf of human trafficking victims. The human trafficking database is an ongoing project.”

Thomas M. Cooley Law Review

Human Trafficking Symposium Note Address November 1, 2012 Auburn Hills, Michigan

L. CdeBaca — 2013

“The 13th Amendment does not say it’s done; the 13th Amendment says neither slavery or involuntary servitude shall exist. And again, Frederick Douglass. When you look at the speech he gave in 1867, when he said he did not go through what we went through just so they could bring in Chinese and enslave them in California. He said the work must continue. This is a call to action and arms. It is a call for all of us to stand up.”

Citation: 30 T.M. Cooley L. Rev. 1 (2013)