Library for Victims / Survivors

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers

Division of Anti-Trafficking in Persons, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

September 18, 2012

“The booklet outlines the types of Federal benefits and services available to trafficking victims in various immigration categories. Included in the guide is a chart for each Federal program that describes eligibility information for certified adults, children with letters of eligibility, lawful permanent residents, U.S. citizens, and others.” It describes various community and State-funded resources, including food, shelter, clothing, medical care, legal assistance, and job training[;] [and] provides information on how a foreign national trafficking victim can obtain a Certification Letter or Eligibility Letter from the HHS Office of Refugee Resettlement.”

Advocates for Human Rights

Safe Harbor: Fulfilling Minnesota's Promise to Protect Sexually Exploited Youth (February 2013)

B. Menanteau, M.G. McKenzie, R. Park — February 2013

“In 2011, Minnesota passed the Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Youth Act (Safe Harbor 2011), laying the groundwork for a victim-centered response to sexually exploited children and those at risk of sexual exploitation… . Its provisions apply only to children age 15 and under; sex trafficking victims ages 16 and 17 are not protected. Moreover, Safe Harbor 2011 does not provide the mechanisms or the funding to implement the changes to Minnesota’s delinquency code when Safe Harbor goes into effect in 2014. Comprehensive supportive services and housing must be funded and implemented immediately so that they are available when Safe Harbor’s changes to Minnesota’s delinquency definition go into effect in 2014.”

Arizona State Law Journal

Victims or Criminals? The Intricacies of Dealing with Juvenile Victims of Sex Trafficking and Why the Distinction Matters

K. Fernandez — Summer 2013

“This Article [1] examines statutes from the states that have decriminalized the offense of juvenile prostitution[;] [2] analyzes the various methods that have been used in handling cases of domestic minor sex trafficking[;] [3] explores the rehabilitative and legal complexities involved in dealing with trafficking victims[;] [4] suggests a statutory change for Arizona, which would decriminalize juvenile prostitution and simultaneously allow a judge discretion on a case-by-case basis when delinquent charges may be necessary[;] [5] considers the formation of a Juvenile Trafficking Court… .”

Citation: 45 Ariz. St. L.J. 859 (Summer 2013)

ATEST: Alliance To End Slavery & Trafficking (A Project of Humanity United)

ATEST Guide To Anti-Slavery Funding Appropriations Briefing Book


“The U.S. Congress has the power to help end human trafficking. This briefing book provides concrete recommendations from ATEST to Congress on how to leverage federal funding for law enforcement to apprehend and prosecute traffickers, while providing much needed services for victims to rebuild their lives.”

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Walking the Freedom Trail: An Analysis of the Massachusetts Human Trafficking Statute and Its Potential to Combat Child Sex Trafficking

M. Dess — Winter 2013

Massachusetts’ Trafficking Law “creates a safe harbor provision for minors involved in prostitution, a civil cause of action for victims, increased penalties for traffickers, and discretionary training for law enforcement officials on working with minor trafficking victims. This Note explores the Massachusetts Trafficking Law, focusing primarily on its treatment of sex trafficking victims under the age of eighteen, suggesting that sexually exploited minors should be treated as victims rather than criminals under the law. In order to effect this proposal, training for law enforcement officials on child sex trafficking should be mandated, and the Massachusetts Trafficking Law should be amended so that sexually exploited minors cannot be prosecuted for commercial sex acts under any circumstances.”

Citation: 33 B.C. J.L. & Soc. Just. 147 (Winter 2013)

Brooklyn Law Review

Policing the Virtual Red Light District: A Legislative Solution to the Problems of Internet Prostitution and Sex Trafficking

A. Perer — Winter 2012

“[T]the legal options for deterring websites from hosting [sex sales advertisements] were—and continue to be—limited. Under the Communications Decency Act of 1996 (CDA), websites essentially have immunity from liability—civil and criminal—for unlawful postings by third parties… . [Under] [t]he Commercial Sex Distribution Amendment (CSDA) … , classified-ads websites would be liable for unlawful sex postings by third parties if the websites were notified about the postings but took no steps to remove the postings, because they would then become distributors that knowingly distribute illegal content. As a “distributor,” the website would lose …[CDA] section 230 ‘publisher’ immunity.”

77 Brooklyn L. Rev. 823 (Winter 2012)